Each and every year, there are a considerable amount of people desiring to pursue adoption all over the world and different parts of the world have different laws on adoption.
Though there are few differences in the adoption law of different states, there are also certain elements which are common everywhere.
If you are someone who is considering adoption, then you would need to know the common elements of adoption which might help you.
Termination of Parental Rights
The first and most important part of the adoption process is the termination of parental rights of the child's birth parents, which usually happens in one of two ways:
The birth parents surrender their parental rights voluntarily.
If the birth parents have been charged with child negligence or abuse and don't surrender their rights voluntarily, then the family court will see that their parental rights are severed.
After the termination of the parental rights, the child can be adopted.
In order to qualify for adopting a child, the couple or individual seeking to the adoption would have to have a home study done.
The home study is simply a basic analysis for ascertaining whether the couple or individual is appropriate for becoming that child's parent.
It usually consists of actual consideration of residential environment, the couple's or individual's work history, and more.
File An Adoption Petition
In order to seek approval from the court for adoption, a petition needs to be filed with the home study attached with the petition as it is a crucial element for adopting a child.
The court would schedule the hearing within a certain time period for considering all the evidences based on the adoption itself.
If everything is in order, then the court would approve the adoption.
When the adoption is approved, it is permanent and the child becomes completely and fully the child of his or her adoptive parents.